Structure of the Question Paper of Chemistry
According to Syllabus of MDCAT 2019

Total Questions60
Marks per correct question01
Marks per wrong question00

Table of Contents

A. Physical Chemistry

1. Fundamental Concepts

2. States of Matter

3. Atomic Structure

4. Chemical Bonding

5. Chemical Energetics

6. Electrochemistry

7. Chemical Equilibrium

8. Reaction Kinetics

B. Inorganic Chemistry
1. Periods

2. Groups

3. Transition Elements

4. Compounds of Nitrogen and Sulphur

C. Organic Chemistry

1. Fundamental Principles

2. Hydrocarbons

3. Alkyl Halides (Haloalkanes)

4. Alcohols and Phenols

5. Aldehydes and Ketones

6. Carboxylic Acids

7. Amino Acids

8. Macromolecules

9. Environmental Chemistry



A.     Physical Chemistry

  • ERA Unit-1         UHS Topic-1            Fundamental Concepts

· Relative masses

· Isotopes

· Mole

· Avogadro’s number

· Empirical and Molecular formulae

· Stoichiometric Calculations

· Concentration units of solutions

        i. Percentage composition

        ii. Molarity

        iii. Mole fraction

  • ERA Unit-2         UHS Topic-2             States of Matter

· Gaseous state

· General Gas Equation (PV=n RT).

· Liquid state:

        i. Evaporation

        ii. Vapor pressure

        iii. Boiling

        iv. Structure of ice

· Lattice structure of a Crystalline solid

  • ERA Unit-3         UHS Topic-3+4       Atomic Structure | Chemical Bonding

· Proton, Neutron and Electron

· Distribution of Mass and charges

· Deduce the number of protons, neutrons and electrons from given proton number and nucleon number

· Shape of s, p and d- Orbitals

· Electronic configuration

· Ionization energy

· Electron affinity

· Ionic (Electrovalent) bond

· Use the “dot and cross” model for:

        i. Covalent bonding

        ii. Co-ordinate (dative covalent) bonding

· Shapes and Bond Angles of molecules

· Covalent Bonding.

· Bond Energy, Bond length and bond Polarity (Electronegativity difference)

· Intermolecular Forces (especially Hydrogen Bonding)

· Interpret and Predict the effect of different types of bonding on physical properties of substances.

  • ERA Unit-4         UHS Topic-5+6       ChemicalEnergetics | Electrochemistry

· Concept of Energy changes during Chemical reactions

· Use the terms:

i. Enthalpy change of reaction

ii. Bond energy

· Numerical Magnitude of Lattice Energy

· Hess’s law to construct simple energy cycles.

· Redox processes

· Oxidation numbers of Elements.

· Balancing chemical equations by redox method

· Standard electrode (redox) Potential

· Standard Hydrogen Electrode

· Methods used to measure the standard Electrode potentials of metals

· Standard Cell Potential

· Electrode Potential.

· Construct Redox equations

· Advantages of Developing the H2/O2 fuel cell

  • ERA Unit-5         UHS Topic-7+8       Chemical Equilibrium | Reaction Kinetics/Chemical Kinetics

· Rates of forward and reverse Reactions and Dynamic Equilibrium

· Le- Chatelier’s Principle.

· Deduce expression for Equilibrium constant

· Calculate the values of Equilibrium constant

· Calculate the equilibrium quantities

· Conditions used in Haber process.

· Qualitatively the differences in behavior of strong/weak acids and bases

· Terms: pH, Ka, pKa, Kb, pKb, Kw and Ksp.

· [H+ (aq)], [OH (aq)], pH and pOH values for strong and weak acids and bases.

· Rate of Reaction, Activation Energy, Catalysis, Rate Equation, Order of Reaction, Rate Constant

· Collisions

· Enzymes as Biological Catalysts

· Construct and use rate equations with special emphasis on

i. Zero order reaction

ii. 1st order reaction

iii. 2nd order reaction

· Half-life of a first order Reaction

· Calculate the order of reaction

· Calculate the rate constant

· Name a Suitable method for studying the rate of a Reaction

B.      Inorganic Chemistry

  • ERA Unit-6         UHS Topic-1+2+3  Periods | Groups | Transition Elements

· Variation in the Physical properties of Elements Belonging to period 2 and period 3:

a. Atomic Radius

b. Ionic Radius

c. Melting Point

d. Boiling Point

e. Ionization Energy

f. Electronegativity

g. Electron Affinity

h. Electrical Conductivity

i. Oxidation States

j. Hydration Energy

· Periodic Relationship in Binary compounds:

a. Halides (especially chlorides)

b. Oxides

· The variation in the properties of group II and VII Elements:

a. Reactions of group II elements.

b. Thermal decomposition and solubility of compounds of group II elements

c. Properties of Halogens and their compounds

d. Reaction of Chlorine

e. Comparison of Oxidizing power of halogens

f. Uses of Halogens and compounds of Halogens

· Chemistry of Transition Elements of 3d series:

a. Electronic Configuration

b. Variable Oxidation states

c. Uses as a Catalyst

d. Formation of Complexes

e. Colour of Transition Metal Complexes

f. Geometry and isomerism of complex ions with coordination number 4 and 6.

  • ERA Unit-7         UHS Topic-4+8+9  Compounds of Nitrogen and Sulfur | Macromolecules | Environmental Chemistry

· Nitrogenous fertilizers.

· Presence of Sulphur Dioxide in atmosphere

· Manufacturing of Sulphuric Acid.

· Sulphuric acid as Dehydrating agent and Oxidizing agent.

· Addition polymerization.

· Condensation polymerization.

· Structure of Proteins.

· Structure and function of Nucleic acid (DNA).

· Air Pollutants.

· Chemistry and causes of Acid Rain.

· Ozone and Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).

C.      Organic Chemistry

  • ERA Unit-8         UHS Topic-1+2       Fundamental principles | Hydrocarbons

· The Organic compounds.

· Alkanes and Alkenes of lower masses.

· Nucleophiles, electrophiles and free radicals

· Isomerism.

· Functional group and Nomenclature of organic compounds.

Chemistry of Alkanes with emphasis on:

· Combustion.

· The Mechanism of free radical Substitution reaction.

Chemistry of Alkenes with emphasis on:

· Preparation of Alkenes:

· Reaction of Alkenes:

Chemistry of Benzene

· Benzene.

· Electrophilic substitution reactions and the mechanism

· Hydrogenation of Benzene ring.

· Side chain Oxidation of Methyl Benzene (Toluene) and Ethyl Benzene.

· Benzene ring by 2,4 Directing and 3,5 directing groups

  • ERA Unit-9         UHS Topic-3+4       Alkyl Halides | Alcohol and Phenol

· Importance of Halogenoalkanes.

· Reaction of Alkyl Halides:

· Nucleophilic substitution reactions and mechanisms

Alcohols with reference to:

· Alcohols: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary.

· Preparation of Ethanol

· Reactions of Alcohols


· Reactions of Phenol

· Acidity of Water, ethanol and phenol

  • ERA Unit-10      UHS Topic-5+6+7  Aldehyde and Ketones | Carboxylic Acids | Amino Acids

· Structure of Aldehydes and Ketones.

· Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones.

· Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones:

· Nucleophilic addition reaction mechanism

· Physical properties of carboxylic acids.

· Reactions of carboxylic acids

· Relative Acidic strength.

· General Structure of -Amino Acids found in Proteins.

· Amino Acids on the basis of Nature of R-group.

· Zwitter Ion

· Acid base properties of Amino Acids.

· Peptide bond formation.