**Structure of the Question Paper of Physics**according to Syllabus of MDCAT 2019

Subject | Physics |

Total Questions | 40 |

Marks per correct question | 01 |

Marks per wrong question | 00 |

__Table of Contents__1. Measurement

2. Motion and Force

3. Work, Energy and Power

4. Circular Motion

5. Oscillation

6. Waves

7. Light

8. Heat & Thermodynamics

9. Electrostatics

10. Current Electricity

11. Electromagnetism

12. Electromagnetic Induction

13. Deformation of Solids

14. Electronics

15. Modern Physics

16. Nuclear Physics

**Topics of Physics included in ERA OTS **according to Syllabus of MDCAT 2019

**ERA UNIT: 01 MEASUREMENTS**

· Physical quantities, numerical magnitude and a proper unit.

· International System of Units, SI base units of physical quantities, and their derived

units.

· Prefixes and symbols to indicate decimal, submultiples or multiples of both base and

derived units:

· Errors and uncertainties

® Systematic error and random error.

® Fractional uncertainty and percentage uncertainty.

® Assessment of total uncertainty in the final results (Understanding of total assessment

about addition and subtraction, multiplication and division & power factor).

**ERA UNIT: 02 MOTION AND FORCE**

· Displacement, Distance, Speed, Velocity and Acceleration.

· Velocity – Time Graph.

· Equations of motion.

· Newton’s Laws of Motion.

· Momentum and law of conservation of momentum.

· Force and rate of change of momentum.

· Impulse and I = F ´ t = mvf – mvi

· Elastic and in-elastic collisions

· Projectile Motion and its applications.

· Moment of force or torque and use of torque

· Equilibrium.

**ERA UNIT: 03 WORK, ENERGY AND POWER | CIRCULAR MOTION**

· Work in terms of the product of a force and displacement in the direction of the force.

· Kinetic energy K.E = ½ mv^{2}

· Potential energy P.E = mgh

· Inter-conversion of kinetic energy and potential energy in gravitational field.

· Power in terms of work done per unit time and use power as product of force and velocity

· Angular motion, angular displacement & angular velocity

· Centripetal Force and centripetal acceleration

· Geostationary orbits.

· Radian

**ERA UNIT: 04 OSCILLATIONS | WAVES**

· Simple harmonic motion

· Amplitude, Frequency, Angular Frequency, Phase Difference. Express the time period in

terms of both frequency and angular frequency.

· SHM and uniform Circular Motion

· Motion of simple pendulum and relation.

· Kinetic energy and potential energy during Simple harmonic motion.

· Free, Forced and Damped Oscillations

· Resonance

· Progressive waves

· Transverse and longitudinal waves.

· Principle of superposition.

· Stationary waves and wavelength of sound waves in air columns and stretched strings

· Doppler’s Effect

· Electromagnetic Spectrum.

**ERA UNIT: 05 LIGHT | HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS**

· Basic postulates of kinetic theory of gases

· Pressure exerted by a gas

· Equation of state for an ideal gas as PV = nRT

· Prove that K.E µT for a single molecule.

· Internal Energy.

· Specific Heat capacity.

**ERA UNIT: 06 ELECTROSTATICS**

· Coulomb’s Law

· Electric field strength

· Electric field lines.

· Calculate the field strength.

· Gravitational force and electric force.

· Electric potential

· Capacitance of a capacitor

· Energy stored in capacitor

**ERA UNIT: 07 CURRENT ELECTRICITY**

· Current

· Ohm’s Law

· Series and parallel Combination of resistors

· Resistance and resistivity

· Potential difference and e.m.f

· Power dissipation in resistors.

· Kirchhoff’s First Law as conservation of charge.

· Kirchhoff’s Second Law as conservation of energy.

· Potentiometer

**ERA UNIT: 08 ELECTROMAGNETISM | EM-INDUCTION | A.C**

· Magnetic field

· Force on current carrying conductor in uniform magnetic field

· Force on a moving charge in magnetic field

· Motion of charge particle in uniform electric and magnetic field.

· e/m for an electron.

· Magnetic flux

· Faraday’s Law and Lenz’s Law.

· Induced e.m.f and factors

· Alternating current and use V = Vo sinwt.

**ERA UNIT: 09 DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS | ELECTRONICS**

· Stress, strain and Young’s Modulus.

· Tensile stress and strain.

· Hook’s Law.

· Elastic and plastic deformation of a material.

· Strain energy.

· Band Theory, valence band, conduction band and forbidden band.

· Half and Full wave rectification

· Single diode for half wave rectification of an alternating current

· Four diodes for full wave rectification of an alternating current

· Operational amplifier and its characteristics

**ERA UNIT: 10 MODERN PHYSICS | NUCLEAR PHYSICS**

· Energy of photon E = hf

· Photoelectric Effect, Threshold Frequency and Work Function Energy.

· Maximum photoelectric energy is independent of intensity whereas photoelectric

current is proportional to intensity

· Einstein’s Photoelectric equation

· de Broglie wavelength

· Discrete energy levels of hydrogen atom and spectral lines.

· Relation hf = (E2-E1)

· Production of X-rays and features of X-rays tube.

· Nucleus, nucleon number and charge number.

· Radioactivity and emission of radiation.

· Activity, Decay constant and relation Activity = Nl.

· Half-life of radioactive substance

· Nuclear transmutation and conservation of mass, energy, momentum and charge

during nuclear changes.

· Mass-defect, binding energy and relation E = mc^{2}

· Nuclear fission and fusion.

· Hadrons, Leptons and Quarks.